Syria

Information correct as of: 23rd March 2017 

Latest Updates

 UN
 US Cham Wings Airlines Dec 2016 and Syrian Air Force, Army and Navy Jan 2017 added to SDN List.
 EU/UK

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Financial/Other Sanctions

UN S/Res/1636 (2005)
US EO 13572. EO 13582. EO 13573.
EU/UK 2011/273/CFSP. Updated 2013/255/CFSP (2013). Updated July 2013 (EU) 697/2013. Council Reg (EU) 1332/2013 & EU 124/2014 (Feb 2014) allows competent authorities to authorise certain payments.

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Arms Embargo

UN No
US No
EU/UK 2011/273/CFSP. Updated 2013/255/CFSP (2013).

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Further Details

UN S/Res/1636 (Oct 2005) imposed travel restrictions & financial assets freeze on any individual suspected of involvement in assassination of the former PM of Lebanon (see Lebanon above). S/Res/2118 effective 27 Sep 2013 requires Member States to prohibit the procurement of chemical weapons, related equipment, goods and technology or assistance from the Syrian Arab Republic by their nationals, or using their flagged vessels or aircraft, whether or not originating in the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic. S/Res/2165 (14 Jul 2014) and S/Res/2258 (22 Dec 2015) authorises use of certain routes across conflict lines for UN Humanitarian Agencies until 10 Jan 2017.
US May 2004, economic sanctions enacted, including ban on exports to Syria, prohibition on flights & freezing of assets of designated entities. Apr 2011 (EO 13572) introduced assets freeze on individuals connected with human rights abuses. Aug 2011, EO13582 & EO 13573 imposed block on Syrian Government assets / property - some exceptions granted in Sep 2011. Prohibits export, sale or supply of services from U.S. to Syria & imports into U.S. of Syrian-origin petroleum products. U.S. Persons also prohibited from making new investments in Syria, selling or supplying services to Syrian entities or 'approving, financing, facilitating or guaranteeing' any transaction by a non-U.S. person where U.S. persons would be prohibited from engaging in such activity. A number of Syrian companies have also had their property / assets blocked, including General Petroleum Company, Syrian Petroleum Company, Syrian Company for Oil Transport, Syrian Gas Company & SYTROL. EO 13606 (Apr 2012) blocks property & imposes travel ban on individuals suspected of human rights abuses via information technology. EO 13608 (May 2012) prevents access to US financial / commercial systems for non-US entities deemed to have violated sanctions. Aug 2012, the 'Iran Threat Reduction & Syria Human Rights Act of 2012', which allows for a variety of further measures relating to censorship & human rights abuses.  Designated entities updated periodically. 15 Mar 2013 General Licence 16 issued allowing certain financial services to the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary & Opposition Forces. Jun 2013 licence policy issued in respect of telecommunications & agricultural sectors of Syria & in respect of petroleum or petroleum products of Syria origin for the benefit of National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary & Opposition Forces or its supporters. 13 Apr 2015 General Licence issued for certain activities related to publishing. SDN list periodically updated, recently Cham Wings Airlines (Dec 2016) and Syrian Air Force, Army and Navy (Jan 2017) added.
EU/UK

May 2004, economic sanctions enacted, including ban on exports to Syria, prohibition on flights & freezing of assets of designated entities. Apr 2011 (EO 13572) introduced assets freeze on individuals connected with human rights abuses. Aug 2011, EO13582 & EO 13573 imposed block on Syrian Government assets / property - some exceptions granted in Sep 2011. Prohibits export, sale or supply of services from U.S. to Syria & imports into U.S. of Syrian-origin petroleum products. U.S. Persons also prohibited from making new investments in Syria, selling or supplying services to Syrian entities or 'approving, financing, facilitating or guaranteeing' any transaction by a non-U.S. person where U.S. persons would be prohibited from engaging in such activity. A number of Syrian companies have also had their property / assets blocked, including General Petroleum Company, Syrian Petroleum Company, Syrian Company for Oil Transport, Syrian Gas Company & SYTROL. EO 13606 (Apr 2012) blocks property & imposes travel ban on individuals suspected of human rights abuses via information technology. EO 13608 (May 2012) prevents access to US financial / commercial systems for non-US entities deemed to have violated sanctions. Aug 2012, the 'Iran Threat Reduction & Syria Human Rights Act of 2012', which allows for a variety of further measures relating to censorship & human rights abuses.  Designated entities updated periodically. 15 Mar 2013 General Licence 16 issued allowing certain financial services to the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary & Opposition Forces. Jun 2013 licence policy issued in respect of telecommunications & agricultural sectors of Syria & in respect of petroleum or petroleum products of Syria origin for the benefit of National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary & Opposition Forces or its supporters. 13 Apr 2015 General Licence issued for certain activities related to publishing. SDN list periodically updated, most recently 30 Aug 2016.

 

This information has been collated by the International Underwriting Association of London and is intended as a guide only. The IUA does not accept any liability for the accuracy of this information.
This publication is intended to convey only general information about sanctions legislation and associated insurance coverage. It is not, and is not intended to be, a complete statement of the law relating to this area. It should not be relied on or be used as a substitute for legal advice in relation to any particular set of circumstances. Accordingly, IUA does not accept any liability for any loss which may arise from reliance on this information.